December 11 Events
220 - Emperor Xian of Han is forced to abdicate the throne by Cao Cao 's son Cao Pi, ending the Han dynasty. 361 - Julian enters Constantinople as sole Emperor of the Roman Empire. 861 - Assassination of the Abbasid caliph al-Mutawakkil by the Turkish guard, who raise al-Muntasir to the throne. Start of the "Anarchy at Samarra". 969 - Byzantine Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas is assassinated by his wife Theophano and her lover, the later Emperor John I Tzimiskes. 1282 - Battle of Orewin Bridge: Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, the last native Prince of Wales, is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, in mid-Wales. 1602 - A surprise attack by forces under the command of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain, is repelled by the citizens of Geneva., and establishes the Shuliavka Republic. 1907 - The New Zealand Parliament Buildings are almost completely destroyed by fire. 1917 - World War I: British General Edmund Allenby enters Jerusalem on foot and declares martial law. 1920 - Irish War of Independence: In retaliation for a recent IRA ambush, British forces burn and loot numerous buildings in Cork city. Many civilians report being beaten, shot at, robbed and verbally abused by British forces. 1925 - Roman Catholic papal encyclical Quas primas introduces the Feast of Christ the King. 1927 - Guangzhou Uprising: Communist Red Guards launch an uprising in Guangzhou, China, taking over most of the city and announcing the formation of a Guangzhou Soviet. 1931 - Statute of Westminster 1931: The British Parliament establishes legislative equality between the UK and the Dominions of the Commonwealth—Australia, Canada, Newfoundland, New Zealand, South Africa, and Ireland. 1934 - Bill Wilson, co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, takes his last drink and enters treatment for the final time. 1936 - Abdication Crisis: Edward VIII's abdication as King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India, becomes effective. 1937 - Second Italo-Ethiopian War: Italy leaves the League of Nations. 1941 - World War II: Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, following the Americans' declaration of war on the Empire of Japan in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor. The United States, in turn, declares war on them. 1941 - World War II: Poland declares war on the Empire of Japan. 1941 - World War II: The Imperial Japanese Navy suffers its first loss of surface vessels during the Battle of Wake Island. 1946 - The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund is established. 1948 - Arab–Israeli War: The United Nations passes General Assembly Resolution 194, creating a Conciliation Commission to mediate the conflict. 1958 - French Upper Volta and French Dahomey gain self-government from France, becoming the Republic of Upper Volta and the Republic of Dahomey, respectively, and joining the French Community. 1960 - French forces crack down in a violent clash with protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French President Charles de Gaulle. 1962 - Arthur Lucas, convicted of murder, is the last person to be executed in Canada. 1964 - Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. 1968 - , featuring The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus the Rolling Stones, Jethro Tull, the Who, Taj Mahal, Marianne Faithfull, and the Dirty Mac with Yoko Ono, is filmed in Wembley, London. 1972 - Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and final Apollo mission to land on the Moon. 1978 - The Lufthansa heist is committed by a group led by Lucchese family associate Jimmy Burke. It was the largest cash robbery ever committed on American soil, at that time. 1980 - The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act is enacted by the U.S. Congress. 1981 - El Mozote massacre: Armed forces in El Salvador kill an estimated 900 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign during the Salvadoran Civil War. 1990 - Demonstrations by students and workers across Albania begin, which eventually trigger the fall of communism in Albania. 1994 - First Chechen War: Russian President Boris Yeltsin orders Russian troops into Chechnya. 1994 - A bomb explodes on Philippine Airlines Flight 434, en route from Manila, Philippines, to Tokyo, Japan, killing one. The captain is able to safely land the plane. 1997 - The Kyoto Protocol opens for signature. 1998 - Thai Airways Flight 261 crashes near Surat Thani Airport, killing 101. The pilot flying the Airbus A310-200 is thought to have suffered spatial disorientation. 2001 - The People's Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization. 2005 - The Buncefield Oil Depot catches fire in Hemel Hempstead, England. 2005 - Cronulla riots: Thousands of White Australians demonstrate against ethnic violence resulting in a riot against anyone thought to be Lebanese in Cronulla, New South Wales; these are followed up by retaliatory ethnic attacks on Cronulla. 2006 - The International Conference to Review the Global Vision of the Holocaust is opened in Tehran, Iran, by then-president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad; nations such as Israel and the United States express concern. 2006 - Felipe Calderón, the President of Mexico, launches a military-led offensive to put down the drug cartel violence in the state of Michoacán. This effort is often regarded as the first event in the Mexican Drug War. 2007 - Insurgency in the Maghreb: Two car bombs explode in Algiers, Algeria, one near the Supreme Constitutional Court and the other near the offices of the United Nations. 2008 - Bernard Madoff is arrested and charged with securities fraud in a $50 billion Ponzi scheme. 2012 - At least 125 people are killed and up to 200 injured in bombings in the Alawite village of Aqrab, Syria. 2017 - New York City attempted bombing: A pipe bomb partially detonates in the New York City Subway, in the Times Square–42nd Street/Port Authority Bus Terminal. Four people are injured, including the perpetrator. Births 1445 - Eberhard I, Duke of Württemberg 1465 - Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun 1475 - Pope Leo X 1566 - Manuel Cardoso, Portuguese organist and composer 1595 - Heo Mok, Korean politician, poet and scholar 1613 - Amar Singh Rathore, Rajput nobleman 1680 - Emanuele d'Astorga, Italian composer 1712 - Francesco Algarotti, Italian poet, philosopher, and critic 1725 - George Mason, American lawyer and politician 1758 - Carl Friedrich Zelter, German composer, conductor, and educator 1761 - Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist, economist, and jurist 1781 - David Brewster, Scottish physicist, mathematician, and astronomer 1801 - Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German poet and playwright 1803 - Hector Berlioz, French composer, conductor, and critic 1810 - Alfred de Musset, French dramatist, poet, and novelist 1830 - Kamehameha V of Hawaii 1837 - Webster Paulson, English civil engineer 1838 - John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman 1843 - Robert Koch, German microbiologist and physician, Nobel Prize laureate 1856 - Georgi Plekhanov, Russian philosopher, theorist, and author 1858 - Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian director, producer, and playwright 1861 - Frederick Eveleigh-de-Moleyns, 5th Baron Ventry, British Army officer and Anglo-Irish peer 1863 - Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer and academic 1872 - René Bull, British illustrator and photographer 1873 - Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician and academic 1875 - Yehuda Leib Maimon, Moldovan-Israeli rabbi and politician 1880 - Frank Tarrant, Australian cricketer and umpire 1882 - Subramania Bharati, Indian journalist and poet 1882 - Max Born, German physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate 1882 - Fiorello H. La Guardia, American lawyer and politician, 99th Mayor of New York City 1884 - Piet Ooms, Dutch swimmer and water polo player 1889 - Walter Knott, American farmer and businessman, founded Knott's Berry Farm 1890 - Carlos Gardel, French-Argentinian singer-songwriter and actor 1890 - Mark Tobey, American-Swiss painter and educator 1893 - Leo Ornstein, Russian-American pianist and composer 1897 - Ronald Skirth, English soldier 1899 - Julio de Caro, Argentinian violinist, composer, and conductor 1900 - Hermína Týrlová, Czechoslovakian animator, screenwriter, and film director 1904 - Marge, American cartoonist 1905 - Robert Henriques, English farmer, author, and broadcaster 1905 - Gilbert Roland, Mexican-American actor and singer 1908 - Elliott Carter, American composer and academic 1908 - Manoel de Oliveira, Portuguese actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1908 - Hákun Djurhuus, Faroese educator and politician, 4th Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands 1908 - Amon Göth, Austrian Nazi war criminal 1909 - Ronald McKie, Australian soldier, journalist, and author 1910 - Mildred Cleghorn, Native American chairwoman and educator 1911 - Val Guest, English-American director, producer, screenwriter, and composer 1911 - Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian author, playwright, and screenwriter, Nobel Prize laureate 1911 - Qian Xuesen, Chinese aerodynamicist and academic 1912 - Carlo Ponti, Italian-Swiss film producer 1913 - Jean Marais, French actor and director 1916 - Pérez Prado, Cuban-Mexican singer-songwriter, pianist, and bandleader 1916 - Elena Garro, Mexican author and playwright 1918 - Clinton Adams, American painter and historian 1918 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist, historian, and short story writer, Nobel Prize laureate 1919 - Cliff Michelmore, English television host and producer 1919 - Marie Windsor, American actress 1920 - Mary Ivy Burks, American environmental activist 1920 - Denis Jenkinson, English motorcycle racer and journalist 1921 - Ilmar Laaban, Estonian poet and publicist 1921 - Liz Smith, English actress 1922 - Grigoris Bithikotsis, Greek singer-songwriter 1922 - Dilip Kumar, Pakistani-Indian actor, director, and screenwriter 1922 - Maila Nurmi, Finnish-American actress, producer, and screenwriter 1922 - Grace Paley, American short story writer and poet 1923 - Betsy Blair, American actress and dancer 1923 - Lillian Cahn, Hungarian-born American businesswoman, co-founded Coach, Inc. 1923 - Morrie Turner, American comics creator 1924 - Doc Blanchard, American football player and colonel 1925 - Aaron Feuerstein, American businessman and philanthropist 1925 - Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1925 - James Sullivan, American politician 1926 - Big Mama Thornton, American singer-songwriter 1927 - John Buscema, American illustrator 1929 - Axel Anderson, German actor and production manager 1929 - Subhash Gupte, Indian cricketer 1930 - Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress 1930 - Jean-Louis Trintignant, French actor, director, and screenwriter 1931 - Rajneesh, Indian guru, mystic, and educator 1931 - Ronald Dworkin, American philosopher and scholar 1931 - Rita Moreno, Puerto Rican-American actress, singer, and dancer 1932 - Enrique Bermúdez, Nicaraguan colonel and engineer 1932 - Keith Waldrop, American author and poet 1933 - Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., Filipino civil servant and politician, 23rd President of the Senate of the Philippines 1934 - Salim Durani, Afghan-Indian cricketer 1935 - Pranab Mukherjee, Indian journalist and politician, 13th President of India 1935 - Elmer Vasko, Canadian ice hockey player 1936 - Taku Yamasaki, Japanese politician 1936 - Hans van den Broek, Dutch lawyer and politician, Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs 1937 - Jim Harrison, American novelist, essayist, and poet 1938 - Enrico Macias, Algerian-French singer-songwriter and guitarist 1938 - McCoy Tyner, American jazz musician 1939 - Tom Hayden, American activist and politician 1939 - Thomas McGuane, American novelist, short story writer, and screenwriter 1940 - David Gates, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer 1940 - Donna Mills, American actress and producer 1941 - Max Baucus, American lawyer, politician, and diplomat, 11th United States Ambassador to China 1941 - J. P. Parisé, Canadian ice hockey player, coach, and manager 1941 - Rogier van Otterloo, Dutch conductor and composer 1941 - J. Frank Wilson, American singer-songwriter 1942 - Anna Carteret, English actress 1943 - John Kerry, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 68th United States Secretary of State 1944 - Jon Garrison, American tenor and educator 1944 - Lynda Day George, American actress 1944 - Brenda Lee, American singer-songwriter 1946 - Rhoma Irama, Indonesian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor 1946 - Rick McCosker, Australian cricketer 1946 - Diana Palmer, American journalist and author 1948 - Tanimura Shinji, Japanese singer-songwriter 1948 - Stamatis Spanoudakis, Greek guitarist and composer 1949 - Christina Onassis, American-born Greek/Argentine businesswoman, socialite, and heiress 1951 - Mazlan Othman, Malaysian astrophysicist and astronomer 1951 - Ria Stalman, Dutch discus thrower and shot putter 1953 - Bess Armstrong, American actress 1954 - Brad Bryant, American golfer 1954 - Sylvester Clarke, Barbadian cricketer 1954 - Santiago Creel, Mexican lawyer and politician, Mexican Secretary of the Interior 1954 - Jermaine Jackson, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer 1954 - Guðlaugur Kristinn Óttarsson, Icelandic guitarist, mathematician, and engineer 1955 - Gene Grossman, American economist and academic 1955 - Stu Jackson, American basketball player, coach, and manager 1955 - Ray Kelvin, British fashion designer 1955 - Christian Sackewitz, German footballer and manager 1956 - Lani Brockman, American actress and director 1956 - Andrew Lansley, English politician, Secretary of State for Health 1957 - Peter Bagge, American author and illustrator 1958 - Chris Hughton, English-born Irish footballer and manager 1958 - Tom Shadyac, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1958 - Nikki Sixx, American bass player, songwriter, and producer 1961 - Dave King, Irish-American singer-songwriter and guitarist 1961 - Steve Nicol, Scottish footballer and manager 1961 - Macky Sall, Senegalese engineer and politician, 4th President of Senegal 1961 - Marco Pierre White, English chef and mentor 1963 - Mario Been, Dutch footballer and manager 1963 - Mark Greatbatch, New Zealand cricketer 1963 - Claudia Kohde-Kilsch, German tennis player 1963 - John Lammers, Dutch footballer and manager 1963 - Nigel Winterburn, English footballer and coach 1964 - Justin Currie, British singer-songwriter and guitarist 1964 - Dave Schools, American singer-songwriter, bass player, and producer 1964 - Carolyn Waldo, Canadian swimmer and sportscaster 1965 - Jay Bell, American baseball player and coach 1965 - Gavin Hill, New Zealand rugby player 1965 - Glenn Lazarus, Australian rugby league player and politician 1965 - Giannis Ragousis, Greek economist and politician, Greek Minister for National Defence 1966 - Gary Dourdan, American actor 1966 - Göran Kropp, Swedish race car driver and mountaineer 1966 - Erik Honoré, Norwegian guitarist and producer 1966 - Leon Lai, Hong Kong singer and actor 1967 - Peter Kelamis, Australian voice actor 1967 - Mo'Nique, American comedian, actress, and producer 1967 - Chris Shepherd, English animator, director, producer, and screenwriter 1968 - Fabrizio Ravanelli, Italian footballer and manager 1969 - Viswanathan Anand, Indian chess player 1969 - Stig Inge Bjørnebye, Norwegian footballer and manager 1969 - Max Martini, American actor, director, and screenwriter 1969 - Alessandro Melli, Italian footballer and manager 1970 - Victoria Fuller, American model and actress 1971 - Willie McGinest, American football player and sportscaster 1972 - Daniel Alfredsson, Swedish ice hockey player 1972 - Sami Al-Jaber, Saudi Arabian footballer and manager 1972 - Murray Goodwin, Zimbabwean cricketer 1972 - Andriy Husin, Ukrainian footballer and manager 1973 - Mos Def, American rapper 1974 - Rey Mysterio, American wrestler 1974 - Maarten Lafeber, Dutch golfer 1974 - Ben Shephard, English journalist and television host 1974 - Gete Wami, Ethiopian runner 1974 - Lisa Ortiz, American theatre and voice actress 1975 - Gerben de Knegt, Dutch cyclist 1976 - Shareef Abdur-Rahim, American basketball player, coach, and manager 1976 - Yujiro Shirakawa, Japanese actor 1977 - Brandon Rogers, American singer and actor 1977 - Mark Streit, Swiss ice hockey player 1978 - Roy Wood, Jr., American comedian, actor, and radio host 1979 - Valdis Mintals, Estonian figure skater 1979 - Rider Strong, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter 1980 - Kristjan Kitsing, Estonian basketball player 1980 - Adi Keissar, Israeli poet 1981 - Jason Kennedy, American journalist 1981 - Jeff McComsey, American author and illustrator 1981 - Paul Medhurst, Australian footballer 1981 - Javier Saviola, Argentinian footballer 1982 - Pablo Pérez Companc, Argentinian race car driver 1984 - Leighton Baines, English footballer 1984 - Sandra Echeverría, Mexican actress and singer 1984 - James Ellsworth, American wrestler 1985 - Karla Souza, Mexican actress 1986 - Roy Hibbert, American basketball player 1987 - Clifton Geathers, American football player 1987 - Alex Russell, Australian actor 1987 - Miranda Tapsell, Australian actress 1988 - Tim Southee, New Zealand cricketer 1990 - Derrick Nix, American basketball player 1992 - Tiffany Alvord, American singer-songwriter 1992 - Dalton Pompey, Canadian baseball player 1993 - Yalitza Aparicio, Mexican actress 1995 - Abbi Grant, Scottish footballer 1996 - Hailee Steinfeld, American actress, singer and songwriter 2000 - Emily Whitehead, artistic gymnast Deaths 384 - Pope Damasus I 861 - Al-Mutawakkil, Abbasid caliph 861 - Al-Fath ibn Khaqan, chief confidant and councillor to al-Mutawakkil 969 - Nikephoros II Phokas, Byzantine emperor 1121 - Al-Afdal Shahanshah, Egyptian political adviser 1241 - Ögedei Khan, Mongolian emperor 1282 - Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, Welsh prince 1282 - Michael VIII Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor 1474 - Henry IV of Castile, King of the Crown of Castile 1532 - Pietro Accolti, Italian cardinal 1582 - Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba, Spanish general and politician, 12th Constable of Portugal 1610 - Adam Elsheimer, German artist working in Rome who died at only thirty-two 1686 - Louis, Grand Condé, French general 1694 - Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma 1737 - John Strype, English priest, historian, and author 1747 - Edmund Curll, English bookseller and publisher 1797 - Richard Brocklesby, English physician 1826 - Maria Leopoldina of Austria 1840 - Emperor Kōkaku of Japan 1872 - Kamehameha V of Hawaii 1880 - Oliver Winchester, American businessman, founded the Winchester Repeating Arms Company 1892 - William Milligan, Scottish theologian and scholar 1906 - Charles Townsend, American fencer, engineer, and academic 1909 - Ludwig Mond, German-born chemist and British industrialist who discovered the metal carbonyls 1913 - Carl von In der Maur, Governor of Liechtenstein 1918 - Ivan Cankar, Slovenian author, poet, and playwright 1920 - Olive Schreiner, South African author and activist 1936 - Myron Grimshaw, American baseball player 1937 - Jaan Anvelt, Estonian theorist and politician 1937 - Hugh Thackeray Turner, English architect and painter 1938 - Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian historian and educator, Nobel Prize laureate 1941 - John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American pilot and poet 1941 - Émile Picard, French mathematician and academic 1945 - Charles Fabry, French physicist and academic 1950 - Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer and author 1951 - Mustafa Muğlalı, Turkish general 1951 - Hijri Dede, Iraqi Turkmen poet and writer 1953 - Sedat Simavi, Turkish journalist and director 1957 - Musidora, French actress, director, producer, and screenwriter 1959 - Jim Bottomley, American baseball player and manager 1964 - Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter 1964 - Percy Kilbride, American actor 1966 - Augusta Fox Bronner, American psychologist, specialist in juvenile psychology 1968 - Richard Sagrits, Estonian painter and author 1968 - Arthur Hays Sulzberger, American publisher 1971 - Maurice McDonald, American businessman, co-founded McDonald's 1975 - Lee Wiley, American singer 1975 - Nihal Atsız, Turkish philosopher, author, and poet 1978 - Vincent du Vigneaud, American biochemist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate 1978 - Paul O'Dea, American baseball player and manager 1979 - James J. Gibson, American psychologist and author 1983 - Neil Ritchie, Guyanese-English general 1984 - Oskar Seidlin, German-American author, poet, and scholar 1984 - George Waggner, American director, producer and actor 1987 - G. A. Kulkarni, Indian author and academic 1989 - Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer 1991 - Robert Q. Lewis, American actor, comedian, game show host/panelist, and television personality 1991 - Artur Lundkvist, Swedish author and critic 1994 - Philip Phillips, American archaeologist and scholar 1995 - Greg Bahnsen, American minister and philosopher 1996 - Willie Rushton, English cartoonist, author, and publisher, co-founded Private Eye 1997 - Eddie Chapman, English spy 1997 - Simon Jeffes, English guitarist and composer 1998 - André Lichnerowicz, French physicist and mathematician 1998 - Lynn Strait, American singer-songwriter 2000 - Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician and diplomat 2000 - David Lewis, American actor 2001 - Mainza Chona, Zambian lawyer and politician, 1st Prime Minister of Zambia 2003 - Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian author and playwright 2004 - José Luis Cuciuffo, Argentinian footballer 2004 - Arthur Lydiard, New Zealand runner and coach 2008 - Bettie Page, American model 2010 - Dick Hoerner, American football player 2011 - John Patrick Foley, American cardinal 2012 - Galina Vishnevskaya, Russian soprano and actress 2012 - Mendel Weinbach, Polish-Israeli rabbi and scholar 2012 - Ravi Shankar, Indian-American sitar player and composer 2013 - Nadir Afonso, Portuguese painter and architect 2013 - Barbara Branden, Canadian-American author and academic 2013 - Javier Jauregui, Mexican boxer 2013 - Sheikh Mussa Shariefi, Indian philosopher and scholar 2014 - Hans Wallat, German conductor and director 2015 - Abish Kekilbayev, Kazakh academic and politician 2015 - H. Arnold Steinberg, Canadian businessman, philanthropist, and academic 2015 - Hema Upadhyay, Indian painter and sculptor 2015 - John "Hot Rod" Williams, American basketball player 2015 - Ken Woolley, Australian architect 2017 - Keith Chegwin, British TV presenter Holidays and observances Christian feast day: *Cian *Daniel the Stylite *Maravillas de Jesús *Peris *Pope Damasus I *Sabinus of Piacenza *Victoricus, Fuscian, and Gentian *December 11 Establishment of Kurdish Women's Union Indiana Day International Mountain Day National Tango Day Pampanga Day Republic Day, the day when Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community in 1958.
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