United States District Court for the Central District of California
The United States District Court for the Central District of California serves over 19 million people in Southern and Central California, making it the most populous federal judicial district. The district was created on September 18, 1966.
Cases from the Central District are appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. Along with the Central District of Illinois, the court is the only district court referred to by the name "Central" – all other courts with similar geographical names instead use the term "Middle."
HistoryCalifornia was admitted as a state on September 9, 1850, and was initially divided into two districts, the Northern and the Southern, by Act of Congress approved September 28, 1850, 9 Stat. 521. The boundary line was at the 37th parallel of North Latitude. The Southern District of California was abolished and the State made to constitute a single district – the United States District Court for the District of California – by Act of Congress approved July 27, 1866, 14 Stat. 300. Twenty years later, on August 5, 1886, Congress re-created the Southern District of California by 24 Stat. 308, but it was not until March 18, 1966, that the Eastern and Central Districts were created from portions of the Northern and Southern Districts by 80 Stat. 75.
DivisionsThe U.S. District Court for the Central District of California is divided into three divisions, with jurisdiction over seven counties: Riverside, San Bernardino, Orange, Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura.
The Eastern Division covers Riverside and San Bernardino Counties at the Riverside courthouse.
The Southern Division covers Orange County from the Ronald Reagan Federal Building and Courthouse in Santa Ana.
The Western Division covers Los Angeles, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties. Cases are heard in two courthouses in downtown Los Angeles. All but two district judges are located in the new First Street Courthouse, whereas magistrate judges and two district judges maintain chambers in the Edward R. Roybal Courthouse.The United States Attorney for the Central District of California represents the United States Government in civil and criminal cases before the court. The United States Attorney has been Nicola T. Hanna since January 5, 2018.
Vacancies and pending nominations
|Seat||Seat last held by||Vacancy reason||Date of vacancy||Nominee||Date of nomination|
|10||Audrey B. Collins||Retirement||August 1, 2014||Stanley Blumenfeld||January 9, 2020|
|8||Margaret M. Morrow||Senior status||October 29, 2015||Jeremy B. Rosen||February 13, 2020|
|11||Dean Pregerson||Senior status||January 28, 2016||John W. Holcomb||February 13, 2020|
|1||Christina A. Snyder||Senior status||November 23, 2016||Sandy N. Leal||February 13, 2020|
|27||George H. King||Retirement||January 6, 2017||Mark C. Scarsi||January 9, 2020|
|4||Beverly Reid O'Connell||Death||October 8, 2017||Steve Kim||February 13, 2020|
|12||Manuel Real||Senior status||November 4, 2018||Rick Richmond||February 13, 2020|
|25||S. James Otero||Senior status||December 30, 2018||Fernando L. Aenlle-Rocha||January 9, 2020|
|22||Andrew J. Guilford||Senior status||July 5, 2019|
|21||James V. Selna||Senior status||March 3, 2020|
Succession of seats